Polymers 2011, 3(3), 1215-1242; doi:10.3390/polym3031215
Review

Thermoresponsive Polymers for Biomedical Applications

Surfactant & Colloid Group, Department of Chemistry, The University of Hull, Cottingham Road, Kingston upon Hull, HU6 7RX, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 July 2011; Accepted: 29 July 2011 / Published: 3 August 2011
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Abstract: Thermoresponsive polymers are a class of “smart” materials that have the ability to respond to a change in temperature; a property that makes them useful materials in a wide range of applications and consequently attracts much scientific interest. This review focuses mainly on the studies published over the last 10 years on the synthesis and use of thermoresponsive polymers for biomedical applications including drug delivery, tissue engineering and gene delivery. A summary of the main applications is given following the different studies on thermoresponsive polymers which are categorized based on their 3-dimensional structure; hydrogels, interpenetrating networks, micelles, crosslinked micelles, polymersomes, films and particles.
Keywords: biopolymer; thermoresponsive; stimuli responsive; smart materials; gene delivery; drug delivery; tissue engineering; gels; polymer networks; hydrogels; micelles; nanoparticles; polymersomes

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ward, M.A.; Georgiou, T.K. Thermoresponsive Polymers for Biomedical Applications. Polymers 2011, 3, 1215-1242.

AMA Style

Ward MA, Georgiou TK. Thermoresponsive Polymers for Biomedical Applications. Polymers. 2011; 3(3):1215-1242.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ward, Mark A.; Georgiou, Theoni K. 2011. "Thermoresponsive Polymers for Biomedical Applications." Polymers 3, no. 3: 1215-1242.

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