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Biopolymers for Hard and Soft Engineered Tissues: Application in Odontoiatric and Plastic Surgery Field
Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, University of Padova, Via Venezia 90, 35100 Padova, Italy
Department of Histology, Microbiology and Medical Biotechnology, University of Padova, Via G. Colombo 3, 35100 Padova, Italy
Unit of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35100 Padova, Italy
* Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 December 2010; in revised form: 24 January 2011 / Accepted: 15 February 2011 / Published: 28 February 2011
Abstract: The goal of modern dentistry and plastic surgery is to restore the patient to normal function, health and aesthetics, regardless of the disease or injury to the stomatognathic and cutaneous system respectively. In recent years tissue engineering and regenerative medicine have yielded many novel tissue replacements and implementation strategies. Scientific advances in biomaterials, stem cell isolation, growth and differentiation factors and biomimetic environments have created unique opportunities to fabricate tissues in the laboratory. Repairing of bone and skin is likely to become of clinical interest when three dimensional tissue reconstructive procedures and the appropriate supporting biomimetic materials are correctly assembled. In the present review, we provide an overview of the most promising biopolymers that may find clinical application in dento-maxillo-facial and plastic surgery.
Keywords: stem-cell; tissue engineering; scaffolds; skin; hard tissue
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Bressan, E.; Favero, V.; Gardin, C.; Ferroni, L.; Iacobellis, L.; Favero, L.; Vindigni, V.; Berengo, M.; Sivolella, S.; Zavan, B. Biopolymers for Hard and Soft Engineered Tissues: Application in Odontoiatric and Plastic Surgery Field. Polymers 2011, 3, 509-526.
Bressan E, Favero V, Gardin C, Ferroni L, Iacobellis L, Favero L, Vindigni V, Berengo M, Sivolella S, Zavan B. Biopolymers for Hard and Soft Engineered Tissues: Application in Odontoiatric and Plastic Surgery Field. Polymers. 2011; 3(1):509-526.
Bressan, Eriberto; Favero, Vittorio; Gardin, Chiara; Ferroni, Letizia; Iacobellis, Laura; Favero, Lorenzo; Vindigni, Vincenzo; Berengo, Mario; Sivolella, Stefano; Zavan, Barbara. 2011. "Biopolymers for Hard and Soft Engineered Tissues: Application in Odontoiatric and Plastic Surgery Field." Polymers 3, no. 1: 509-526.