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Design and Application of Nanoscale Actuators Using Block-Copolymers
Department of Chemistry, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, S3 7HF, UK
Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Aston University, Birmingham, B4 7ET, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 August 2010; in revised form: 8 October 2010 / Accepted: 14 October 2010 / Published: 15 October 2010
Abstract: Block copolymers are versatile designer macromolecules where a “bottom-up” approach can be used to create tailored materials with unique properties. These simple building blocks allow us to create actuators that convert energy from a variety of sources (such as chemical, electrical and heat) into mechanical energy. In this review we will discuss the advantages and potential pitfalls of using block copolymers to create actuators, putting emphasis on the ways in which these materials can be synthesised and processed. Particular attention will be given to the theoretical background of microphase separation and how the phase diagram can be used during the design process of actuators. Different types of actuation will be discussed throughout.
Keywords: microphase separation; block copolymer; actuators; physical gels; non-covalent interactions
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Swann, J.M.G.; Topham, P.D. Design and Application of Nanoscale Actuators Using Block-Copolymers. Polymers 2010, 2, 454-469.
Swann JMG, Topham PD. Design and Application of Nanoscale Actuators Using Block-Copolymers. Polymers. 2010; 2(4):454-469.
Swann, Joshua M. G.; Topham, Paul D. 2010. "Design and Application of Nanoscale Actuators Using Block-Copolymers." Polymers 2, no. 4: 454-469.