Cellulose-Based Absorbent Production from Bacterial Cellulose and Acrylic Acid: Synthesis and Performance
AbstractCellulose-based superabsorbent was synthesized by bacterial cellulose (BC) grafting acrylic acid (AA) in the presence of N,N′-methylenebisacrylamide (NMBA) as a crosslinker and ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator. The influence of different factors on composite synthesis, including the weight ratio of the monomer to BC, initiator content, crosslinker content, AA neutralization degree, reaction temperature, and reaction time on the water absorbency of the composite, were systematically learned. Under the optimized conditions, the maximum water absorbency of the composite was 322 ± 23 g/g distilled water. However, the water absorbency was much less for the different salt solutions and the absorption capacity of the composite decreased as the concentration of the salt solutions increased. The pH value had a significant influence on water absorption performance, and with the increase of temperature, the water retention rate of the composite decreased. Additionally, the structure of this composite was characterized with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The results of NMR and FT-IR provided evidence that the composite was synthesized by BC and AA, and the microstructure showed that it had good performance for water absorption. In addition, the composite possessed suitable thermal stability, and that it could be used in a few high-temperature environments. Overall, this composite is promising for application in water absorption. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Luo, M.-T.; Li, H.-L.; Huang, C.; Zhang, H.-R.; Xiong, L.; Chen, X.-F.; Chen, X.-D. Cellulose-Based Absorbent Production from Bacterial Cellulose and Acrylic Acid: Synthesis and Performance. Polymers 2018, 10, 702.
Luo M-T, Li H-L, Huang C, Zhang H-R, Xiong L, Chen X-F, Chen X-D. Cellulose-Based Absorbent Production from Bacterial Cellulose and Acrylic Acid: Synthesis and Performance. Polymers. 2018; 10(7):702.Chicago/Turabian Style
Luo, Mu-Tan; Li, Hai-Long; Huang, Chao; Zhang, Hai-Rong; Xiong, Lian; Chen, Xue-Fang; Chen, Xin-De. 2018. "Cellulose-Based Absorbent Production from Bacterial Cellulose and Acrylic Acid: Synthesis and Performance." Polymers 10, no. 7: 702.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.