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Polymers 2018, 10(6), 642; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10060642

Green Binder Based on Enzymatically Polymerized Eucalypt Kraft Lignin for Fiberboard Manufacturing: A Preliminary Study

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Vigo, Lagoas Marcosende s/n., E-36310 Vigo, Spain
2
R & D Department of FORESA, Avda, Doña Urraca, 91, Caldas de Reis, 36650 Pontevedra, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 April 2018 / Revised: 19 May 2018 / Accepted: 7 June 2018 / Published: 9 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymers from Renewable Resources)
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Abstract

The capability of laccase from Myceliophthora thermophila to drive oxidative polymerization of Eucalyptus globulus Kraft lignin (KL) was studied as a previous step before applying this biotechnological approach for the manufacturing of medium-density fiberboards (MDF) at a pilot scale. This method, which improves the self-bonding capacity of wood fibers by lignin enzymatic cross-linking, mimics the natural process of lignification in living plants and trees. An interesting pathway to promote these interactions could be the addition of lignin to the system. The characterization of E. globulus KL after enzymatic treatment showed a decrease of phenolic groups as well as the aromatic protons without loss of aromaticity. There was also an extensive oxidative polymerization of the biomolecule. In the manufacture of self-bonded MDF, the synergy generated by the added lignin and laccase provided promising results. Thus, whenever laccase was present in the treatment, MDF showed an increase in mechanical and dimensional stability for increasing amounts of lignin. In a pilot scale, this method produced MDF that meets the requirements of the European standards for both thickness swell (TS) and internal bonding (IB) for indoor applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: wood; Eucalyptus globulus; laccase; Kraft lignin; medium-density fiberboards; pilot scale wood; Eucalyptus globulus; laccase; Kraft lignin; medium-density fiberboards; pilot scale
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gouveia, S.; Otero, L.A.; Fernández-Costas, C.; Filgueira, D.; Sanromán, Á.; Moldes, D. Green Binder Based on Enzymatically Polymerized Eucalypt Kraft Lignin for Fiberboard Manufacturing: A Preliminary Study. Polymers 2018, 10, 642.

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