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Polymers 2018, 10(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10010011

Photo Processing for Biomedical Hydrogels Design and Functionality: A Review

1,†
,
1,†
and
1,2,*
1
Biomanufacturing Engineering Laboratory, Graduate School at Shenzhen, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, China
2
Open FIESTA Center, Tsinghua University, Shenzhen 518055, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 November 2017 / Revised: 18 December 2017 / Accepted: 19 December 2017 / Published: 22 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogels in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4658 KB, uploaded 22 December 2017]   |  

Abstract

A large number of opportunities for biomedical hydrogel design and functionality through photo-processing have stretched the limits of innovation. As both photochemical understanding and engineering technologies continue to develop, more complicated geometries and spatiotemporal manipulations can be realized through photo-exposure, producing multifunctional hydrogels with specific chemical, biological and physical characteristics for the achievement of biomedical goals. This report describes the role that light has recently played in the synthesis and functionalization of biomedical hydrogels and primarily the design of photoresponsive hydrogels via different chemical reactions (photo crosslinking and photo degradation) and conventional light curing processes (micropatterning, stereolithography and two/multiphoton techniques) as well as typical biomedical applications of the hydrogels (cell culture, differentiation and in vivo vascularization) and their promising future. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogels; photo crosslinking; photo degradation; photo dimerization; biomedical hydrogels; photo crosslinking; photo degradation; photo dimerization; biomedical
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yao, H.; Wang, J.; Mi, S. Photo Processing for Biomedical Hydrogels Design and Functionality: A Review. Polymers 2018, 10, 11.

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