Enhancing Light Extraction of Inorganic Scintillators Using Photonic Crystals
AbstractInorganic scintillators are commonly used as sensors for ionizing radiation detectors in a variety of applications, ranging from particle and nuclear physics detectors, medical imaging, nuclear installations radiation control, homeland security, well oil logging and a number of industrial non-destructive investigations. For all these applications, the scintillation light produced by the energy deposited in the scintillator allows the determination of the position, the energy and the time of the event. However, the performance of these detectors is often limited by the amount of light collected on the photodetector. A major limitation comes from the fact that inorganic scintillators are generally characterized by a high refractive index, as a consequence of the required high density to provide the necessary stopping power for ionizing radiation. The index mismatch between the crystal and the surrounding medium (air or optical grease) strongly limits the light extraction efficiency because of total internal reflection (TIR), increasing the travel path and the absorption probability through multiple bouncings of the photons in the crystal. Photonic crystals can overcome this problem and produce a controllable index matching between the crystal and the output medium through an interface made of a thin nano-structured layer of optically-transparent high index material. This review presents a summary of the works aiming at improving the light collection efficiency of scintillators using photonic crystals since this idea was introduced 10 years ago. View Full-Text
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Salomoni, M.; Pots, R.; Auffray, E.; Lecoq, P. Enhancing Light Extraction of Inorganic Scintillators Using Photonic Crystals. Crystals 2018, 8, 78.
Salomoni M, Pots R, Auffray E, Lecoq P. Enhancing Light Extraction of Inorganic Scintillators Using Photonic Crystals. Crystals. 2018; 8(2):78.Chicago/Turabian Style
Salomoni, Matteo; Pots, Rosalinde; Auffray, Etiennette; Lecoq, Paul. 2018. "Enhancing Light Extraction of Inorganic Scintillators Using Photonic Crystals." Crystals 8, no. 2: 78.
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