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Crystals 2018, 8(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst8010052

Crystal Chemistry of Zinc Quinaldinate Complexes with Pyridine-Based Ligands

Department of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana; Večna pot 113, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 16 January 2018 / Published: 19 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crystal Chemistry of Zinc, Cadmium and Mercury)
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Abstract

Substitution of methanol in [Zn(quin)2(CH3OH)2] (quin denotes an anionic form of quinoline-2-carboxylic acid, also known as quinaldinic acid) with pyridine (Py) or its substituted derivatives, 3,5-lutidine (3,5-Lut), nicotinamide (Nia), 3-hydroxypyridine (3-Py-OH), 3-hydroxymethylpyridine (3-Hmpy), 4-hydroxypyridine (4-Py-OH) and 4-hydroxymethylpyridine (4-Hmpy), afforded a series of novel heteroleptic complexes with compositions [Zn(quin)2(Py)2] (1), [Zn(quin)2(3,5-Lut)2] (2), [Zn(quin)2(Nia)2]·2CH3CN (3), [Zn(quin)2(3-Py-OH)2] (4), [Zn(quin)2(3-Hmpy)2] (5), [Zn(quin)2(4-Pyridone)] (6) (4-Pyridone = a keto tautomer of 4-hydroxypyridine), and [Zn(quin)2(4-Hmpy)2] (7). In all reactions, the {Zn(quin)2} structural fragment with quinaldinate ions bound in a bidentate chelating manner retained its structural integrity. With the exception of [Zn(quin)2(4-Pyridone)] (6), all complexes feature a six-numbered coordination environment of metal ion that may be described as a distorted octahedron. The arrangement of ligands is trans. The coordination sphere of zinc(II) in the 4-pyridone complex consists of only three ligands, two quinaldinates, and one secondary ligand. The metal ion thereby attains a five-numbered coordination environment that is best described as a distorted square-pyramid (τ parameter equals 0.39). The influence of substituents on the pyridine-based ligand over intermolecular interactions in the solid state is investigated. Since pyridine and 3,5-lutidine are not able to form hydrogen-bonding interactions, the solid state structures of their complexes, [Zn(quin)2(Py)2] (1) and [Zn(quin)2(3,5-Lut)2] (2), are governed by π···π stacking, C–H∙∙∙π, and C–H∙∙∙O intermolecular interactions. With other pyridine ligands possessing amide or hydroxyl functional groups, the connectivity patterns in the crystal structures of their complexes are governed by hydrogen bonding interactions. Thermal decomposition studies of novel complexes have shown the formation of zinc oxide as the end product. View Full-Text
Keywords: zinc(II) complexes; quinaldinic acid; pyridine; hydroxyl group; crystal structure; hydrogen bond zinc(II) complexes; quinaldinic acid; pyridine; hydroxyl group; crystal structure; hydrogen bond
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Modec, B. Crystal Chemistry of Zinc Quinaldinate Complexes with Pyridine-Based Ligands. Crystals 2018, 8, 52.

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