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Crystals 2017, 7(8), 237; doi:10.3390/cryst7080237

Incorporation of Large Impurity Atoms into the Diamond Crystal Lattice: EPR of Split-Vacancy Defects in Diamond

1
Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Lavrentiev ave. 3, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
2
Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Koptyug ave. 3, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
3
Department of Geology and Geophysics, Novosibirsk State University, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 June 2017 / Revised: 27 July 2017 / Accepted: 28 July 2017 / Published: 31 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diamond Crystals)
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Abstract

Diamond is a unique mineral widely used in diverse fields due to its remarkable properties. The development of synthesis technology made it possible to create diamond-based semiconductor devices. In addition, doped diamond can be used as single photon emitters in various luminescence applications. Different properties are the result of the presence of impurities or intrinsic defects in diamond. Thus, the investigation of the defect formation process is of particular interest. Although hydrogen, nitrogen, and boron have been known to form different point defects, the possibility for large impurity atoms to incorporate into the diamond crystal structure has been questioned for a long time. In the current paper, the paramagnetic nickel split-vacancy defect in diamond is described, and the further investigation of nickel-, cobalt-, titanium-, phosphorus-, silicon-, and germanium-related defects is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: diamond; high-pressure high-temperature synthesis; split-vacancy structure; electron paramagnetic resonance; photoluminescence diamond; high-pressure high-temperature synthesis; split-vacancy structure; electron paramagnetic resonance; photoluminescence
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Nadolinny, V.; Komarovskikh, A.; Palyanov, Y. Incorporation of Large Impurity Atoms into the Diamond Crystal Lattice: EPR of Split-Vacancy Defects in Diamond. Crystals 2017, 7, 237.

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