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Crystals 2017, 7(3), 70; doi:10.3390/cryst7030070

Effect of Diazotated Sulphonated Polystyrene Films on the Calcium Oxalate Crystallization

1
Department of Biological and Animal Sciences, School of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Chile, Santiago, P.O. Box 2-15, Chile
2
School of Sciences Exact, Physico-Chemical and Natural, National University of Rio Cuarto, Rio Cuarto, Cordoba, P.O. Box X5804BYA, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gianluca Di Profio
Received: 1 August 2016 / Revised: 23 February 2017 / Accepted: 25 February 2017 / Published: 28 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Membrane-Assisted Crystallization)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4471 KB, uploaded 28 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

Pathological crystallization of calcium oxalate (CaOx) inside the urinary tract is called calculi or kidney stone (Urolithiasis). CaOx exhibits three crystalline types in nature: CaOx monohydrate COM, dihydrate COD and trihydrate COT. COD and COM are often found in urinary calculi, particularly COM. Langmuir monolayers, membrane vesicles, phospholipids’ micelles, among others, have been adopted as simplified biomimetic template-models to study in vitro the urolithiasis through CaOx. The nucleation and crystal growth of COM on self-assembled lipid monolayers have revealed that the negatively charged phosphatidylserine interface is a strong promoter of COM. Herein, we describe the synthesis and physicochemical characterization of diazotated sulphonated polystyrene films (DSPFs), prepared from various aminocompounds varying their polarity degree i.e., polar, non-polar and acidic DSPF derivatives. We also used these DSPFs as polymeric templates in crystallization experiments of CaOx in vitro. Images obtained by optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy confirmed the precipitation of COM crystals on the DSPF surface. The employment of functionalized polymeric films as templates for CaOx crystallization represents a viable approach for understanding inorganic mineralization. View Full-Text
Keywords: crystallization; calcium oxalate; polystyrene films; sulphonation; diazotation crystallization; calcium oxalate; polystyrene films; sulphonation; diazotation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vásquez-Quitral, P.; Toledo Arana, J.; Miras, M.C.; Acevedo, D.F.; Barbero, C.A.; Neira-Carrillo, A. Effect of Diazotated Sulphonated Polystyrene Films on the Calcium Oxalate Crystallization. Crystals 2017, 7, 70.

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