Persistence of Smectic-A Oily Streaks into the Nematic Phase by UV Irradiation of Reactive Mesogens
AbstractThin smectic liquid crystal films with competing boundary conditions (planar and homeotropic at opposing surfaces) form well-known striated structures known as “oily streaks”, which are a series of hemicylindrical caps that run perpendicular to the easy axis of the planar substrate. The streaks vanish on heating into the nematic phase, where the film becomes uniform and exhibits hybrid alignment. On adding sufficient reactive mesogen and polymerizing, the oily streak texture is maintained on heating through the entire nematic phase until reaching the bulk isotropic phase, above which the texture vanishes. Depending on the liquid crystal thickness, the oily streak structure may be retrieved after cooling, which demonstrates the strong impact of the polymer backbone on the liquid crystal texture. Polarizing optical, atomic force, and scanning electron microscopy data are presented. View Full-Text
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Gharbi, I.; Missaoui, A.; Demaille, D.; Lacaze, E.; Rosenblatt, C. Persistence of Smectic-A Oily Streaks into the Nematic Phase by UV Irradiation of Reactive Mesogens. Crystals 2017, 7, 358.
Gharbi I, Missaoui A, Demaille D, Lacaze E, Rosenblatt C. Persistence of Smectic-A Oily Streaks into the Nematic Phase by UV Irradiation of Reactive Mesogens. Crystals. 2017; 7(12):358.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gharbi, Ines; Missaoui, Amine; Demaille, Dominique; Lacaze, Emmanuelle; Rosenblatt, Charles. 2017. "Persistence of Smectic-A Oily Streaks into the Nematic Phase by UV Irradiation of Reactive Mesogens." Crystals 7, no. 12: 358.