Crystals 2012, 2(2), 466-520; doi:10.3390/cryst2020466
Review

Structural Aspects of the Bechgaard and Fabre Salts: An Update

Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Université Paris-sud, CNRS, UMR 8502, Bâtiment 510, Orsay Cedex F-91405, France
Received: 20 March 2012; in revised form: 19 April 2012 / Accepted: 20 April 2012 / Published: 21 May 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Conductors)
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Abstract: We review structural aspects of the Bechgaard and Fabre salts in relationship with their electronic, magnetic and superconducting properties. We emphasize the role of bond and charge modulations of the quarter filled organic stack in the various instabilities and ground states exhibited by these salts. A special consideration is also devoted to the influence of anions and methyl groups in these processes. In particular we point out the importance of the anions in achieving the inter-stack coupling by either direct or indirect (via the polarization of the methyl group cavities) interactions with the donors. In this framework we discuss the role of anions and methyl group disorders in the inhibition of the divergence of the high temperature bond order wave instability of the Bechgaard salts. We analyze the modulation in the magnetic ground states by considering explicitly the coupling of the magnetization with structural degrees of freedom. We consider the role of the anions and methyl groups in stabilizing the charge ordering pattern in the Fabre salts. We also discuss the spin-Peierls transition of the Fabre salts in relation with the charge ordering transition and the adiabaticity of the phonon field. We review the anion ordering transitions by considering more particularly the influence of the ordering process on the electronic structure and on the ground states which results. In this framework we show that the texture of the anion ordered structure has direct consequences on the superconducting properties of (TMTSF)2ClO4. Finally we conclude on the essential implication of the structural degrees of freedom on the generic phase diagram of the Bechgaard and Fabre salts.
Keywords: one-dimensional metals; strongly correlated fermions; organic conductors; organic superconductors; charge order; spin-Peierls transitions; anion ordering transitions; charge density wave; spin density wave; X-ray diffuse scattering

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pouget, J.-P. Structural Aspects of the Bechgaard and Fabre Salts: An Update. Crystals 2012, 2, 466-520.

AMA Style

Pouget J-P. Structural Aspects of the Bechgaard and Fabre Salts: An Update. Crystals. 2012; 2(2):466-520.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pouget, Jean-Paul. 2012. "Structural Aspects of the Bechgaard and Fabre Salts: An Update." Crystals 2, no. 2: 466-520.

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