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Crystals 2011, 1(3), 178-194; doi:10.3390/cryst1030178

[Ni(1,10-phenanthroline)2(H2O)2](NO3)2: A Simple Coordination Complex with a Remarkably Complicated Structure that Simplifies on Heating

1
Department of Chemistry, University of Hull, Cottingham Road, Hull, HU6 7RX, UK
2
Department of Chemistry and Centre for Innovation in Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2011 / Revised: 31 August 2011 / Accepted: 7 September 2011 / Published: 8 September 2011
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Abstract

Despite the simple chemical formula, [Ni(1,10-phenanthroline)2(H2O)2](NO3)2, crystallizes with a remarkably complicated 3-D hydrogen bonding supramolecular assembly. The title compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c, with an unusually long b axis and a large cell volume. A huge asymmetric unit has been identified, containing six discrete [Ni(1,10-phen)2(H2O)2]2+ cations and twelve nitrate anions. Detailed analyses of the crystal structure and O-H×××O and C-H×××O hydrogen bonding interactions are reported and discussed. In this way the anion-directed assembly of the 3-D structure is illustrated. The thermal and spectroscopic properties of the compound are described. Upon heating to 308 K, the crystal undergoes a phase change to a much simpler structure with a single [Ni(1,10-phen)2(H2O)2]2+ cation within the asymmetric unit and unit cell volume one sixth of that at low temperature. Although the crystal decomposed during data collection, it was possible to establish the molecular packing in the high temperature form and relate it to that at low temperature.
Keywords: hydrogen bond; supramolecular assembly; single crystal structure; nickel; 1,10-phenanthroline; nitrate; polymorphism hydrogen bond; supramolecular assembly; single crystal structure; nickel; 1,10-phenanthroline; nitrate; polymorphism
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Prior, T.J.; Rujiwatra, A.; Chimupala, Y. [Ni(1,10-phenanthroline)2(H2O)2](NO3)2: A Simple Coordination Complex with a Remarkably Complicated Structure that Simplifies on Heating. Crystals 2011, 1, 178-194.

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