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Catalysts 2018, 8(2), 73; doi:10.3390/catal8020073

Wood-Biochar-Supported Magnetite Nanoparticles for Remediation of PAH-Contaminated Estuary Sediment

1
Department of Marine Environmental Engineering, National Kaohsiung Marine University, Kaohsiung City 81157, Taiwan
2
Institute of Environmental Engineering, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung City 80424, Taiwan
3
Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu 31057, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 January 2018 / Revised: 31 January 2018 / Accepted: 8 February 2018 / Published: 9 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Oxidation in Environmental Protection)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3912 KB, uploaded 10 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the ability of a magnetic wood biochar (WB)-based composite catalyst (Fe3O4–WB) to catalyze sodium persulfate (PS) for the remediation of estuary sediment contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The effects of various critical parameters, including the catalyst dose and initial pH, were investigated. The degradation of the PAHs was found to be related to the number of rings in their structure. The results showed that Fe3O4–WB is an efficient catalyst for the removal of high-ring PAHs (HPAHs), with the highest degradation rates for the 6-, 5-, and 4-ringed PAHs being 90%, 84%, and 87%, respectively, for a PS concentration of 2 × 10−5 M, catalyst concentration of 3.33 g/L, and pH of 3.0. That the reduction rate of the HPAHs was greater than that of the low-ring PAHs can be attributed to the strong affinity of the HPAHs for biochar derived from wood biomass. Overall, this study revealed that the WB-mediated electron transfer catalysis of the surface functional groups in a wide range of pH in the Fe3O4–WB/PS system and potentially application in the remediation of sediments contaminated with PAHs. View Full-Text
Keywords: biochar; wood; PAHs; sediments; remediation biochar; wood; PAHs; sediments; remediation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dong, C.-D.; Chen, C.-W.; Kao, C.-M.; Chien, C.-C.; Hung, C.-M. Wood-Biochar-Supported Magnetite Nanoparticles for Remediation of PAH-Contaminated Estuary Sediment. Catalysts 2018, 8, 73.

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