Next Article in Journal
New Trendy Magnetic C-Scorpionate Iron Catalyst and Its Performance towards Cyclohexane Oxidation
Previous Article in Journal
Catalytic Wet Oxidation of Pharmaceutical Sludge by Molecular Sieve Loaded with Cu/Ce
Previous Article in Special Issue
Enzymatically-Mediated Co-Production of Cellulose Nanocrystals and Fermentable Sugars
Article Menu
Issue 2 (February) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Catalysts 2018, 8(2), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8020068

Nano-Immobilized Biocatalysts for Biodiesel Production from Renewable and Sustainable Resources

Department of Chemical Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 31 December 2017 / Revised: 2 February 2018 / Accepted: 3 February 2018 / Published: 8 February 2018
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1128 KB, uploaded 8 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

The cost of biodiesel production relies on feedstock cost. Edible oil is unfavorable as a biodiesel feedstock because of its expensive price. Thus, non-edible crop oil, waste oil, and microalgae oil have been considered as alternative resources. Non-edible crop oil and waste cooking oil are more suitable for enzymatic transesterification because they include a large amount of free fatty acids. Recently, enzymes have been integrated with nanomaterials as immobilization carriers. Nanomaterials can increase biocatalytic efficiency. The development of a nano-immobilized enzyme is one of the key factors for cost-effective biodiesel production. This paper presents the technology development of nanomaterials, including nanoparticles (magnetic and non-magnetic), carbon nanotubes, and nanofibers, and their application to the nano-immobilization of biocatalysts. The current status of biodiesel production using a variety of nano-immobilized lipase is also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanomaterials; nano-immobilized enzyme; immobilization; biodiesel; lipase nanomaterials; nano-immobilized enzyme; immobilization; biodiesel; lipase
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, K.H.; Lee, O.K.; Lee, E.Y. Nano-Immobilized Biocatalysts for Biodiesel Production from Renewable and Sustainable Resources. Catalysts 2018, 8, 68.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Catalysts EISSN 2073-4344 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top