Functionalization of SSZ-13 and Fe-Beta with Copper by NH3 and NO Facilitated Solid-State Ion-Exchange
Competence Centre for Catalysis, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2017 / Revised: 24 July 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 8 August 2017
We show that functionalization of SSZ-13 (CHA) and Fe-beta (*BEA) with copper using a recently reported solid-state ion-exchange method, facilitated by NH
and nitrogen oxides (NO), is a viable route to prepare Cu-SSZ-13 and (Cu + Fe)-beta catalysts, starting from H-SSZ-13 and Fe-beta, respectively. The physicochemical properties of the prepared catalysts are characterized by XRD, UV-Vis-spectroscopy and STEM-EDS, confirming that copper originally present in the physical mixture of CuO and H-SSZ-13, and CuO and Fe-beta, is inserted into the micropores of SSZ-13 and Fe-beta, respectively. Activity measurements in gas-flow reactor show that the samples are active for NO reduction by NH
-SCR over a broad temperature range, i.e., 150–500
C. For the Cu-SSZ-13 catalysts, which have a copper loading range of 0.5–4 wt. %, the sample prepared from the physical mixture with a CuO/SSZ-13 ratio corresponding to 2 wt. % Cu is the most active catalyst for NH
-SCR under the present reaction conditions. Furthermore, the (Cu + Fe)-beta catalyst shows higher NH
-SCR activity over a broader temperature range and especially at low temperature as compared to the Fe-beta and Cu-beta counterparts. The results encourage further elaboration on sequential ion-exchange procedures for bimetallic functionalization of zeolites.
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Shishkin, A.; Shwan, S.; Pingel, T.N.; Olsson, E.; Clemens, A.; Carlsson, P.-A.; Härelind, H.; Skoglundh, M. Functionalization of SSZ-13 and Fe-Beta with Copper by NH3 and NO Facilitated Solid-State Ion-Exchange. Catalysts 2017, 7, 232.
Shishkin A, Shwan S, Pingel TN, Olsson E, Clemens A, Carlsson P-A, Härelind H, Skoglundh M. Functionalization of SSZ-13 and Fe-Beta with Copper by NH3 and NO Facilitated Solid-State Ion-Exchange. Catalysts. 2017; 7(8):232.
Shishkin, Alexander; Shwan, Soran; Pingel, Torben N.; Olsson, Eva; Clemens, Anna; Carlsson, Per-Anders; Härelind, Hanna; Skoglundh, Magnus. 2017. "Functionalization of SSZ-13 and Fe-Beta with Copper by NH3 and NO Facilitated Solid-State Ion-Exchange." Catalysts 7, no. 8: 232.
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