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Catalysts 2017, 7(4), 98; doi:10.3390/catal7040098

Eco-Friendly Physical Activation Methods for Suzuki–Miyaura Reactions

Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco and NIS—Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces, University of Turin, Via P. Giuria 9, Turin 10125, Italy
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Academic Editor: Ioannis D. Kostas
Received: 31 December 2016 / Revised: 9 March 2017 / Accepted: 16 March 2017 / Published: 23 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Suzuki–Miyaura Cross-Coupling Reaction and Potential Applications)

Abstract

Eco-compatible activation methods in Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reactions offer challenging opportunities for the design of clean and efficient synthetic processes. The main enabling technologies described in the literature are microwaves, ultrasound, grinding (mechanochemistry) and light. These methods can be performed in water or other green solvents with phase-transfer catalysis or even in solventless conditions. In this review, the authors will summarize the progress in this field mainly from 2010 up to the present day. View Full-Text
Keywords: Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reaction; Pd catalysts; microwaves; ultrasound; ball milling; light Suzuki–Miyaura cross-coupling reaction; Pd catalysts; microwaves; ultrasound; ball milling; light
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Martina, K.; Manzoli, M.; Gaudino, E.C.; Cravotto, G. Eco-Friendly Physical Activation Methods for Suzuki–Miyaura Reactions. Catalysts 2017, 7, 98.

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