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Catalysts 2017, 7(11), 326; doi:10.3390/catal7110326

Synthesis of Phase Pure Hexagonal YFeO3 Perovskite as Efficient Visible Light Active Photocatalyst

1
Institute of Chemistry, Chemical Technology 1, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Carl-von-Ossietzky-Str. 9-11, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany
2
National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, El Kasr Ainy St. 101, Cairo 11562, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2017 / Revised: 25 October 2017 / Accepted: 30 October 2017 / Published: 3 November 2017
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Abstract

Hexagonal perovskite YFeO3 was synthesized by a complex-assisted sol-gel technique allowing crystallization at calcination temperatures below 700 °C. As determined by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and Tauc plots, the hexagonal YFeO3 exhibits a lower optical band gap (1.81 eV) than the orthorhombic structure (about 2.1 eV or even higher) being typically obtained at elevated temperatures (>700 °C), and thus enables higher visible light photocatalysis activity. Structure and morphology of the synthesized YFeO3 perovskites were analyzed by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and nitrogen adsorption, proving that significantly smaller crystallite sizes and higher surface areas are obtained for YFeO3 with a hexagonal phase. The photocatalytic activity of the different YFeO3 phases was deduced via the degradation of the model pollutants methyl orange and 4-chlorophenol. Experiments under illumination with light of different wavelengths, in the presence of different trapping elements, as well as photoelectrochemical tests allow conclusions regarding band positions of YFeO3 and the photocatalytic degradation mechanism. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicates that a very thin layer of Y2O3 might support the photocatalysis by improving the separation of photogenerated charge carriers. View Full-Text
Keywords: vis-light photocatalyst; hexagonal YFeO3; methyl orange degradation; Mott-Schottky plot; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy vis-light photocatalyst; hexagonal YFeO3; methyl orange degradation; Mott-Schottky plot; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ismael, M.; Elhaddad, E.; Taffa, D.H.; Wark, M. Synthesis of Phase Pure Hexagonal YFeO3 Perovskite as Efficient Visible Light Active Photocatalyst. Catalysts 2017, 7, 326.

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