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Catalysts 2017, 7(1), 9; doi:10.3390/catal7010009

The Protagonism of Biocatalysis in Green Chemistry and Its Environmental Benefits

1
Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Avenida Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149, Bloco A, Sala 549-1, Cidade Universitária, CEP 21941-909 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
2
Laboratory of Biocatalysis, Ministry of Science and Technology, National Institute of Technology, Avenida Venezuela, 82, Sala 302, CEP 20081-312 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
3
Department of Biochemical Engineering, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, CEP 21941-909 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
4
Departamento de Biocatálisis, Instituto de Catálisis-CSIC, Campus UAM-CSIC, C/Marie Curie 2, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David D. Boehr
Received: 11 November 2016 / Revised: 14 December 2016 / Accepted: 22 December 2016 / Published: 1 January 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [990 KB, uploaded 1 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

The establishment of a bioeconomy era requires not only a change of production pattern, but also a deep modernization of the production processes through the implementation of novel methodologies in current industrial units, where waste materials and byproducts can be utilized as starting materials in the production of commodities such as biofuels and other high added value chemicals. The utilization of renewable raw resources and residues from the agro-industries, and their exploitation through various uses and applications through technologies, particularly solid-state fermentation (SSF), are the main focus of this review. The advocacy for biocatalysis in green chemistry and the environmental benefits of bioproduction are very clear, although this kind of industrial process is still an exception and not the rule. Potential and industrial products, such as biocatalysts, animal feed, fermentation medium, biofuels (biodiesel, lignocelulose ethanol, CH4, and H2), pharmaceuticals and chemicals are dealt with in this paper. The focus is the utilization of renewable resources and the important role of enzymatic process to support a sustainable green chemical industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocatalysts; green chemistry; fuels; energy; chemicals biocatalysts; green chemistry; fuels; energy; chemicals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferreira-Leitão, V.S.; Cammarota, M.C.; Gonçalves Aguieiras, E.C.; Vasconcelos de Sá, L.R.; Fernandez-Lafuente, R.; Freire, D.M.G. The Protagonism of Biocatalysis in Green Chemistry and Its Environmental Benefits. Catalysts 2017, 7, 9.

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