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Catalysts 2012, 2(1), 191-222; doi:10.3390/catal2010191
Review

Catalytic Technologies for Biodiesel Fuel Production and Utilization of Glycerol: A Review

1
, 2,* , 3
 and 1,*
Received: 19 January 2012; in revised form: 11 February 2012 / Accepted: 16 February 2012 / Published: 22 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalysts for Biomass Conversion)
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Abstract: More than 10 million tons of biodiesel fuel (BDF) have been produced in the world from the transesterification of vegetable oil with methanol by using acid catalysts (sulfuric acid, H2SO4), alkaline catalysts (sodium hydroxide, NaOH or potassium hydroxide, KOH), solid catalysts and enzymes. Unfortunately, the price of BDF is still more expensive than that of petro diesel fuel due to the lack of a suitable raw material oil. Here, we review the best selection of BDF production systems including raw materials, catalysts and production technologies. In addition, glycerol formed as a by-product needs to be converted to useful chemicals to reduce the amount of glycerol waste. With this in mind, we have also reviewed some recent studies on the utilization of glycerol.
Keywords: biodiesel; vegetable oils; catalyst; esterification; transesterification; fuel cell; utilization of glycerol biodiesel; vegetable oils; catalyst; esterification; transesterification; fuel cell; utilization of glycerol
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Thanh, L.T.; Okitsu, K.; Boi, L.V.; Maeda, Y. Catalytic Technologies for Biodiesel Fuel Production and Utilization of Glycerol: A Review. Catalysts 2012, 2, 191-222.

AMA Style

Thanh LT, Okitsu K, Boi LV, Maeda Y. Catalytic Technologies for Biodiesel Fuel Production and Utilization of Glycerol: A Review. Catalysts. 2012; 2(1):191-222.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thanh, Le Tu; Okitsu, Kenji; Boi, Luu Van; Maeda, Yasuaki. 2012. "Catalytic Technologies for Biodiesel Fuel Production and Utilization of Glycerol: A Review." Catalysts 2, no. 1: 191-222.


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