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Games 2017, 8(2), 24; doi:10.3390/g8020024

Clusters with Minimum Transportation Cost to Centers: A Case Study in Corn Production Management

1
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
2
Centre of Excellence in Mathematics, CHE, 328 Si Ayutthaya Road, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alain Haurie
Received: 18 March 2017 / Revised: 23 May 2017 / Accepted: 24 May 2017 / Published: 1 June 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2886 KB, uploaded 1 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

In Northern Thailand, the size and topographical structure of farmland makes it necessary for operators of small-scale waste management systems to be able to reach their clients in an effective manner. Over the past decades, corn contract farming has increased, and the chief method for eliminating waste from these farms has chiefly been open burning on the fields, which produces enormous amounts of greenhouse gases (GHG) and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). To find a way to reduce GHG emissions in the corn production system, this work focuses on finding clusters with minimum transportation time from waste disposal centers. To solve the clustering problems, four models are created and solved on AIMMS and MATLAB. Simulation results indicate that the number of clients essentially affects the performance of the procedure. The case studies are on corn production management in Chiang Mai, the region’s economic capital, as well as in 9 provinces in Northern Thailand, including Chiang Mai, whose combined corn production comprises 32.73 percent of the national production. With roughly 15% of the corn cobs and husks involved in the study, we found that by changing the waste elimination process, the total CO2 emissions can be reduced by up to 12,008.40 tons per year in Chiang Mai and up to 180,198.14 tons per year in the 9 provinces of Northern Thailand. View Full-Text
Keywords: clustering problems; capacitated vehicle routing problems with centers; waste management system; Northern Thailand clustering problems; capacitated vehicle routing problems with centers; waste management system; Northern Thailand
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Phonin, S.; Likasiri, C.; Dankrakul, S. Clusters with Minimum Transportation Cost to Centers: A Case Study in Corn Production Management. Games 2017, 8, 24.

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