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Cancers 2015, 7(1), 450-459; doi:10.3390/cancers7010450

Cancer in Women over 50 Years of Age: A Focus on Smoking

1
Department of Gynecology, State University of Campinas, Rua Alexander Fleming, 101, Cidade Universitária Zeferino Vaz, Campinas, São Paulo 13.083-881, Brazil
2
Breast Clinic, Hospital for Maternal and Child Healthcare, Goiânia, Goiás 74.125-120, Brazil
3
Department of Gynecology, State University of Campinas, Campinas, São Paulo 13.083-881, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Weiss
Received: 2 December 2014 / Revised: 19 February 2015 / Accepted: 9 March 2015 / Published: 17 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancers and Aging)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [126 KB, uploaded 20 March 2015]

Abstract

The increase in life expectancy worldwide has resulted in a greater prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with the occurrence of cancer among Brazilian women over the age of 50. A cross-sectional study with 622 women over the age of 50 was performed using a population survey. The outcome variable was the occurrence of a malignant tumor in any location. The independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, self-perception of health, health-related habits and morbidities. Statistical analysis was carried out using the chi-square test and Poisson regression. The mean age of the women was 64.1 years. The prevalence of cancer was 6.8%. The main sites of occurrence of malignant tumors were the breast (31.9%), colorectal (12.7%) and skin (12.7%). In the final statistical model, the only factor associated with cancer was smoking > 15 cigarettes/day either currently or in the past: PR 2.03 (95% CI 1.06–3.89). The results have improved understanding of the prevalence and factors associated with cancer in Brazilian women aged 50 years or more. They should be encouraged to maintain a healthy lifestyle and pay particular attention to modifiable risk factors such as smoking. View Full-Text
Keywords: neoplasms; menopause; risk factors; life style; smoking neoplasms; menopause; risk factors; life style; smoking
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Baccaro, L.F.; Conde, D.M.; Costa-Paiva, L.; de Souza Santos Machado, V.; Pinto-Neto, A.M. Cancer in Women over 50 Years of Age: A Focus on Smoking. Cancers 2015, 7, 450-459.

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