Cancer in Women over 50 Years of Age: A Focus on Smoking
AbstractThe increase in life expectancy worldwide has resulted in a greater prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with the occurrence of cancer among Brazilian women over the age of 50. A cross-sectional study with 622 women over the age of 50 was performed using a population survey. The outcome variable was the occurrence of a malignant tumor in any location. The independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics, self-perception of health, health-related habits and morbidities. Statistical analysis was carried out using the chi-square test and Poisson regression. The mean age of the women was 64.1 years. The prevalence of cancer was 6.8%. The main sites of occurrence of malignant tumors were the breast (31.9%), colorectal (12.7%) and skin (12.7%). In the final statistical model, the only factor associated with cancer was smoking > 15 cigarettes/day either currently or in the past: PR 2.03 (95% CI 1.06–3.89). The results have improved understanding of the prevalence and factors associated with cancer in Brazilian women aged 50 years or more. They should be encouraged to maintain a healthy lifestyle and pay particular attention to modifiable risk factors such as smoking. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Baccaro, L.F.; Conde, D.M.; Costa-Paiva, L.; de Souza Santos Machado, V.; Pinto-Neto, A.M. Cancer in Women over 50 Years of Age: A Focus on Smoking. Cancers 2015, 7, 450-459.
Baccaro LF, Conde DM, Costa-Paiva L, de Souza Santos Machado V, Pinto-Neto AM. Cancer in Women over 50 Years of Age: A Focus on Smoking. Cancers. 2015; 7(1):450-459.Chicago/Turabian Style
Baccaro, Luiz F.; Conde, Délio M.; Costa-Paiva, Lúcia; de Souza Santos Machado, Vanessa; Pinto-Neto, Aarão M. 2015. "Cancer in Women over 50 Years of Age: A Focus on Smoking." Cancers 7, no. 1: 450-459.