Content of the Saponin Protodioscin in Brachiaria spp. from the Eastern Plains of Colombia
AbstractProtodioscin is used as a marker of saponin content that could cause hepatotoxicity in ruminants. In Brachiaria spp. from two regions of the Colombian Eastern Plains (east mountain range of the Andean—“piedemonte” and Ariari River Valley) were determined this metabolite at 14 and 28 days post-cutting under different climatic conditions. No protodioscin was detected in B. dictyoneura or B. humidicola. In B. brizantha, B. decumbens and B. ruziziensis x B. decumbens x B. brizantha (hybrid), protodioscin content corresponded to an interaction between species, post-cutting time and season. Concentrations ≥1% (minimum toxic level) were recorded in B. decumbens and the hybrid, and to a lesser extent in B. brizantha. The concentration of protodioscin was higher at 28 days, when the pastures are suitable for consumption. B. brizantha accumulated the lowest saponin concentration, whereas the hybrid had the highest levels, particularly in the “piedemonte” and during drought (3.37%). Dry season favored the protodioscin concentration in B. decumbens (in river valley) and in the hybrid (in “piedemonte”). In the latter, there was a positive correlation with temperature and a negative with humidity, which are typical characteristics of dry periods. This is the first report of protodioscin content in the hybrid. View Full-Text
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Lozano, M.C.; Martinez, N.M.; Diaz, G.J. Content of the Saponin Protodioscin in Brachiaria spp. from the Eastern Plains of Colombia. Toxins 2017, 9, 220.
Lozano MC, Martinez NM, Diaz GJ. Content of the Saponin Protodioscin in Brachiaria spp. from the Eastern Plains of Colombia. Toxins. 2017; 9(7):220.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lozano, Maria C.; Martinez, Nhora M.; Diaz, Gonzalo J. 2017. "Content of the Saponin Protodioscin in Brachiaria spp. from the Eastern Plains of Colombia." Toxins 9, no. 7: 220.
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