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Toxins 2016, 8(3), 59; doi:10.3390/toxins8030059

Botulinum toxin A for the Treatment of Overactive Bladder

1
Department of Urology, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40447, Taiwan
2
Department of Surgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40447, Taiwan
3
School of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Hann-Chorng Kuo
Received: 29 January 2016 / Revised: 20 February 2016 / Accepted: 24 February 2016 / Published: 29 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Botulinum Toxin A on Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [236 KB, uploaded 29 February 2016]

Abstract

The standard treatment for overactive bladder starts with patient education and behavior therapies, followed by antimuscarinic agents. For patients with urgency urinary incontinence refractory to antimuscarinic therapy, currently both American Urological Association (AUA) and European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines suggested that intravesical injection of botulinum toxin A should be offered. The mechanism of botulinum toxin A includes inhibition of vesicular release of neurotransmitters and the axonal expression of capsaicin and purinergic receptors in the suburothelium, as well as attenuation of central sensitization. Multiple randomized, placebo-controlled trials demonstrated that botulinum toxin A to be an effective treatment for patients with refractory idiopathic or neurogenic detrusor overactivity. The urinary incontinence episodes, maximum cystometric capacity, and maximum detrusor pressure were improved greater by botulinum toxin A compared to placebo. The adverse effects of botulinum toxin A, such as urinary retention and urinary tract infection, were primarily localized to the lower urinary tract. Therefore, botulinum toxin A offers an effective treatment option for patients with refractory overactive bladder. View Full-Text
Keywords: botulinum toxin A; overactive bladder; detrusor overactivity botulinum toxin A; overactive bladder; detrusor overactivity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hsieh, P.-F.; Chiu, H.-C.; Chen, K.-C.; Chang, C.-H.; Chou, E.C.-L. Botulinum toxin A for the Treatment of Overactive Bladder. Toxins 2016, 8, 59.

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