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Toxins 2015, 7(9), 3657-3670; doi:10.3390/toxins7093657

Open Field Study of Some Zea mays Hybrids, Lipid Compounds and Fumonisins Accumulation

1
Dipartimento di Scienze delle Produzioni Vegetali Sostenibili, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Piacenza 29100, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti, Università degli Studi di Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 17/A, Parma 43124, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Università Sapienza, P. le Aldo Moro 5, Roma 00185, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Annie Pfohl-Leszkowicz
Received: 28 July 2015 / Revised: 10 August 2015 / Accepted: 7 September 2015 / Published: 11 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycotoxins and Human Diseases 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [424 KB, uploaded 11 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Lipid molecules are increasingly recognized as signals exchanged by organisms interacting in pathogenic and/or symbiotic ways. Some classes of lipids actively determine the fate of the interactions. Host cuticle/cell wall/membrane components such as sphingolipids and oxylipins may contribute to determining the fate of host–pathogen interactions. In the present field study, we considered the relationship between specific sphingolipids and oxylipins of different hybrids of Zea mays and fumonisin by F. verticillioides, sampling ears at different growth stages from early dough to fully ripe. The amount of total and free fumonisin differed significantly between hybrids and increased significantly with maize ripening. Oxylipins and phytoceramides changed significantly within the hybrids and decreased with kernel maturation, starting from physiological maturity. Although the correlation between fumonisin accumulation and plant lipid profile is certain, the data collected so far cannot define a cause-effect relationship but open up new perspectives. Therefore, the question—“Does fumonisin alter plant lipidome or does plant lipidome modulate fumonisin accumulation?”—is still open. View Full-Text
Keywords: maize; Fusarium verticillioides; sphingolipids; oxylipins; mycotoxin maize; Fusarium verticillioides; sphingolipids; oxylipins; mycotoxin
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Giorni, P.; Dall'Asta, C.; Reverberi, M.; Scala, V.; Ludovici, M.; Cirlini, M.; Galaverna, G.; Fanelli, C.; Battilani, P. Open Field Study of Some Zea mays Hybrids, Lipid Compounds and Fumonisins Accumulation. Toxins 2015, 7, 3657-3670.

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