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Nutrients 2017, 9(6), 601; doi:10.3390/nu9060601

Alpha- and Gamma-Tocopherol and Telomere Length in 5768 US Men and Women: A NHANES Study

Department of Exercise Sciences, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
Received: 7 June 2017 / Revised: 7 June 2017 / Accepted: 8 June 2017 / Published: 13 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Antioxidants in Health and Disease)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [246 KB, uploaded 13 June 2017]

Abstract

Antioxidants have a number of potential health benefits. The present investigation was designed to determine the relationship between serum alpha- and gamma-tocopherol levels (powerful antioxidants), and leukocyte telomere length (a biomarker of biological aging). A cross-sectional design was employed to study 5768 adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). DNA was obtained via blood samples. Telomere length was assessed using the quantitative polymerase chain reaction method. Serum concentrations of alpha- and gamma-tocopherol were measured using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results showed that for each one-year increase in age, telomeres were 15.6 base pairs shorter (F = 410.4, p < 0.0001). After adjusting for differences in the demographic covariates, for each µg/dL higher level of gamma-tocopherol, telomeres were 0.33 base pairs shorter (F = 7.1, p = 0.0126). Telomeres were approximately 1 year shorter (15.6 base pairs) for each increment of 47.3 to 55.7 µg/dL of gamma-tocopherol in the blood, depending on the variables controlled. Adults at the 75th percentile of gamma-tocopherol had 2.8–3.4 years greater cellular aging than those at the 25th percentile, depending on the covariates in the model. However, alpha-tocopherol was not related to telomere length. Evidently, gamma-tocopherol levels, but not alpha-tocopherol, account for meaningful increases in biological aging. View Full-Text
Keywords: cell aging; antioxidant; vitamin E; DNA cell aging; antioxidant; vitamin E; DNA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Tucker, L.A. Alpha- and Gamma-Tocopherol and Telomere Length in 5768 US Men and Women: A NHANES Study. Nutrients 2017, 9, 601.

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