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Nutrients 2017, 9(3), 224; doi:10.3390/nu9030224

Vegetable and Fruit Intakes Are Associated with hs-CRP Levels in Pre-Pubertal Girls

1
Lipid Laboratory, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz, UAM, 28040 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Pediatrics, IIS-Fundación Jiménez Díaz, UAM, 28040 Madrid, Spain
3
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health and INCLIVA-Clinical Hospital, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 December 2016 / Revised: 20 February 2017 / Accepted: 27 February 2017 / Published: 2 March 2017
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Abstract

The influence of diet on inflammation in children remains unclear. We aimed to analyze the influence of diet on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in a pre-pubertal population free of other influences that may affect hs-CRP levels. We determined hs-CRP levels in 571 six- to eight-year-old children using an hs-CRP ELISA kit. Information on food and nutrient intake was obtained through a food-frequency questionnaire. Overall dietary quality was assessed using the Healthy Eating Index (HEI). We found that girls in the highest tertile of hs-CRP levels had a higher intake of saturated fatty acid, and lower intakes of fiber and vitamin E and a lower HEI score when compared to those in tertiles 1 and 2. We also observed a significant decrease in fruit and vegetable intakes by hs-CRP tertile. Factor analysis showed that a dietary pattern that was loaded most strongly with vegetable, fruit, fiber and vitamin A and E intakes correlated negatively (−0.132, p < 0.05) with hs-CRP. No such association was found in boys. In conclusion, our data show that girls with a poorer quality diet show higher hs-CRP levels already at a pre-pubertal age. View Full-Text
Keywords: hs-CRP levels; pre-pubertal children; fibre intake; vegetable intake; fruit intake; antioxidants hs-CRP levels; pre-pubertal children; fibre intake; vegetable intake; fruit intake; antioxidants
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MDPI and ACS Style

Navarro, P.; de Dios, O.; Jois, A.; Gavela-Pérez, T.; Gorgojo, L.; Martín-Moreno, J.M.; Soriano-Guillen, L.; Garcés, C. Vegetable and Fruit Intakes Are Associated with hs-CRP Levels in Pre-Pubertal Girls. Nutrients 2017, 9, 224.

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