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Nutrients 2017, 9(3), 217; doi:10.3390/nu9030217

Association between Impulsivity and Weight Status in a General Population

1
Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle, Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques, Université Paris 13, INSERM U1153, INRA U1125, Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, Bobigny 93017, France
2
Paris School of Economics and INRA, UMR1393 PjSE, 48 Boulevard Jourdan, Paris 75014, France
3
INRA MOISA UMR1110, Montpellier 34000, France
4
Service d’Endocrinologie, Diabétologie, Maladies Métaboliques, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny 93017, France
5
Unité de Surveillance et d’Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Université Paris 13, Bobigny 93017, France
6
Département de Santé Publique, Hôpital Avicenne, Bobigny 93017, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 January 2017 / Revised: 20 February 2017 / Accepted: 24 February 2017 / Published: 1 March 2017
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Abstract

The objective of this study is to examine the association between impulsivity and weight status in a large sample of the adult general population in France, and the influence of gender on this relationship. A total of 11,929 men and 39,114 women participating in the NutriNet-Santé cohort were selected in this cross-sectional analysis. The Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) was used to assess impulsivity. Weight and height were self-reported. The association between impulsivity and BMI was estimated using logistic regressions adjusted for socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. Individuals with high impulsivity levels (BIS-11 total score >71) were more likely to be obese (Odds Ratio (OR) = 1.80, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.39, 2.33 in men; OR = 1.30, 95% CI: 1.15, 1.48 in women) compared to individuals in the average range of impulsivity. The strongest associations between impulsivity and obesity were observed in men, where highly impulsive participants were more likely to be class III obese (BMI > 40 kg/m2) (OR = 3.57, 95% CI: 1.86, 6.85). This large sample analysis supports the existence of a relationship between impulsivity and weight status and the importance of psychological factors in the prevention of obesity. View Full-Text
Keywords: impulsivity; overweight; gender impulsivity; overweight; gender
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bénard, M.; Camilleri, G.M.; Etilé, F.; Méjean, C.; Bellisle, F.; Reach, G.; Hercberg, S.; Péneau, S. Association between Impulsivity and Weight Status in a General Population. Nutrients 2017, 9, 217.

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