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Nutrients 2017, 9(1), 87; doi:10.3390/nu9010087

Effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on Cancer Cells and Potential Applications in Combination with Established and Putative Anti-Cancer Agents

Institut für Pharmazie und Molekulare Biotechnologie (IPMB), Universität Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 364, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany
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Received: 15 November 2016 / Revised: 22 December 2016 / Accepted: 17 January 2017 / Published: 23 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vitamin D: Current Issues and New Perspectives)
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Abstract

The diverse effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), the bio-active form of vitamin D, on cancer cell metabolism and proliferation has made it an interesting candidate as a supporting therapeutic option in cancer treatment. An important strategy in cancer therapy is the use of combination chemotherapy to overcome drug resistance associated with numerous anti-cancer agents and to provide better means of avoiding undesirable side effects. This complex strategy is widely adopted by oncologists and several established “cocktails” of chemotherapeutics are routinely administered to cancer patients. Among the principles followed in designing such treatment regimens is the use of drugs with different mechanisms of action to overcome the issue of tumor heterogeneity and to evade resistance. In light of the profound and diverse effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 reported by in vitro and in vivo studies, we discuss how these effects could support the use of this molecule in combination with “classical” cytotoxic drugs, such as platins and anti-metabolites, for the treatment of solid and hematological tumors. We also examine recent evidence supporting synergistic activities with other promising anti-cancer drug candidates, and postulate mechanisms through which 1,25(OH)2D3 may help evade chemoresistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3; combination chemotherapy; anti-cancer effects 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3; combination chemotherapy; anti-cancer effects
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Abu el Maaty, M.A.; Wölfl, S. Effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 on Cancer Cells and Potential Applications in Combination with Established and Putative Anti-Cancer Agents. Nutrients 2017, 9, 87.

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