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Nutrients 2016, 8(9), 536; doi:10.3390/nu8090536

Gender- and Age-Specific REE and REE/FFM Distributions in Healthy Chinese Adults

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China
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Received: 21 July 2016 / Revised: 22 August 2016 / Accepted: 25 August 2016 / Published: 1 September 2016
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Abstract

Basic data on the resting energy expenditure (REE) of healthy populations are currently rare, especially for developing countries. The aims of the present study were to describe gender- and age-specific REE distributions and to evaluate the relationships among glycolipid metabolism, eating behaviors, and REE in healthy Chinese adults. This cross-sectional survey included 540 subjects (343 women and 197 men, 20–79 years old). REE was measured by indirect calorimetry and expressed as kcal/day/kg total body weight. The data were presented as the means and percentiles for REE and the REE to fat-free mass (FFM) ratio; differences were described by gender and age. Partial correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlations between REE, tertiles of REE/FFM, and glycolipid metabolism and eating behaviors. In this study, we confirmed a decline in REE with age in women (p = 0.000) and men (p = 0.000), and we found that men have a higher REE (p = 0.000) and lower REE/FFM (p = 0.021) than women. Furthermore, we observed no associations among glycolipid metabolism, eating behaviors, and REE in healthy Chinese adults. In conclusion, the results presented here may be useful to clinicians and nutritionists for comparing healthy and ill subjects and identifying changes in REE that are related to aging, malnutrition, and chronic diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: resting energy expenditure; gender-specific; age-specific; glycolipid metabolism; eating behavior resting energy expenditure; gender-specific; age-specific; glycolipid metabolism; eating behavior
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Cheng, Y.; Yang, X.; Na, L.-X.; Li, Y.; Sun, C.-H. Gender- and Age-Specific REE and REE/FFM Distributions in Healthy Chinese Adults. Nutrients 2016, 8, 536.

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