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Nutrients 2016, 8(7), 421; doi:10.3390/nu8070421

Preventive Effects of Fermented Brown Rice and Rice Bran against Prostate Carcinogenesis in TRAP Rats

1
Department of Experimental Pathology and Tumor Biology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1-Kawasumi, Mizuho-cho, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8601, Japan
2
A former president of Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1194, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 May 2016 / Revised: 28 June 2016 / Accepted: 7 July 2016 / Published: 11 July 2016
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Abstract

Fermented brown rice and rice bran with Aspergillus oryzae (FBRA) is considered to have the potential to prevent chemically-induced carcinogenesis in multiple organs of rodents. In the present study, we evaluated the possible chemopreventive effects of FBRA against prostate tumorigenesis. Six-week-old male rats of the transgenic rat for adenocarcinoma of prostate (TRAP) strain were fed diets containing 5% or 10% FBRA for 15 weeks. Animals were sacrificed at 21 weeks of age, and the ventral and lateral prostate were removed for histopathological evaluation and immunoblot analyses. FBRA decreased the incidence of adenocarcinoma in the lateral prostate and suppressed the progression of prostate carcinogenesis. Treatment with FBRA induced apoptosis and inhibited cell proliferation in histologically high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasias. Phospho-AMP-activated kinase α (Thr172) was up-regulated in the prostate of rats fed the diet supplemented with FBRA. These results indicate that FBRA controls tumor growth by activating pathways responsive to energy deprivation and suggest that FBRA has translational potential for the prevention of human prostate cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: fermented brown rice and rice bran with Aspergillus oryzae (FBRA); prostate cancer; transgenic rat fermented brown rice and rice bran with Aspergillus oryzae (FBRA); prostate cancer; transgenic rat
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Kuno, T.; Nagano, A.; Mori, Y.; Kato, H.; Nagayasu, Y.; Naiki-Ito, A.; Suzuki, S.; Mori, H.; Takahashi, S. Preventive Effects of Fermented Brown Rice and Rice Bran against Prostate Carcinogenesis in TRAP Rats. Nutrients 2016, 8, 421.

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