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Nutrients 2016, 8(12), 827; doi:10.3390/nu8120827

The Use of Enteral Nutrition in the Management of Stroke

1
Faculty of Education and Health, University of Greenwich, Avery Hill Campus, Avery Hill Road, London SE9 2UG, UK
2
Oxford Institute of Nursing and Allied Health Research, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Oxford Brookes University, Oxford OX3 0FL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2016 / Revised: 7 December 2016 / Accepted: 14 December 2016 / Published: 20 December 2016
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Abstract

This article discusses the use of enteral nutrition in the management of stroke. Stroke is a major source of disability, including dysphagia. The clinical manifestation of swallowing difficulties in stroke patients may lead to malnutrition which has implications for health status and clinical outcomes including morbidity, mortality and cost to the health service. The prevalence of malnutrition following an acute stroke could range from 8% to 34%. Therefore, the need to develop and implement the use of enteral nutrition support in stroke patients becomes pertinent. A range of enteral feeding tubes and feeding methods may be used to support stroke patients who are unable to meet their nutritional requirements through oral intake alone, although each of these approaches has its merits and limitations. Based on this review, there is evidence that enteral nutrition support is a useful method of providing nutrition for patients with dysphagia following a stroke in order to enhance their nutritional status and promote their health. However, there are challenges in the use of enteral tube feeding in these patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: enteral nutrition; stroke; percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy; nasogastric tube; enteral tube feeding enteral nutrition; stroke; percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy; nasogastric tube; enteral tube feeding
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ojo, O.; Brooke, J. The Use of Enteral Nutrition in the Management of Stroke. Nutrients 2016, 8, 827.

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