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Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 8199-8226; doi:10.3390/nu7095388

Magnesium in Prevention and Therapy

1
Academy of Micronutrient Medicine, Essen 45130, Germany
2
Department of Internal Medicine I, St. Anna-Hospital, Herne 44649, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 June 2015 / Revised: 16 July 2015 / Accepted: 11 September 2015 / Published: 23 September 2015
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Abstract

Magnesium is the fourth most abundant mineral in the body. It has been recognized as a cofactor for more than 300 enzymatic reactions, where it is crucial for adenosine triphosphate (ATP) metabolism. Magnesium is required for DNA and RNA synthesis, reproduction, and protein synthesis. Moreover, magnesium is essential for the regulation of muscular contraction, blood pressure, insulin metabolism, cardiac excitability, vasomotor tone, nerve transmission and neuromuscular conduction. Imbalances in magnesium status—primarily hypomagnesemia as it is seen more common than hypermagnesemia—might result in unwanted neuromuscular, cardiac or nervous disorders. Based on magnesium’s many functions within the human body, it plays an important role in prevention and treatment of many diseases. Low levels of magnesium have been associated with a number of chronic diseases, such as Alzheimer’s disease, insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disease (e.g., stroke), migraine headaches, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). View Full-Text
Keywords: magnesium; hypomagnesemia; cardiovascular disease; diabetes mellitus; asthma; ADHD; Alzheimer’s disease magnesium; hypomagnesemia; cardiovascular disease; diabetes mellitus; asthma; ADHD; Alzheimer’s disease
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gröber, U.; Schmidt, J.; Kisters, K. Magnesium in Prevention and Therapy. Nutrients 2015, 7, 8199-8226.

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