Next Article in Journal
Polyphenolic Composition of Crataegus monogyna Jacq.: From Chemistry to Medical Applications
Previous Article in Journal
Increased PUFA Content and 5-Lipoxygenase Pathway Expression Are Associated with Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue Inflammation in Obese Women with Type 2 Diabetes
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 7691-7707; doi:10.3390/nu7095360

Green and Black Cardamom in a Diet-Induced Rat Model of Metabolic Syndrome

1
Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention & Management, College of Health and Biomedicine, Victoria University, Melbourne 3021, Australia
2
School of Health and Wellbeing, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba 4350, Australia
3
Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Nutrition, Graduate School of Medicine and the Hakubi Center for Advanced Research, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan
4
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia 4072, Australia
5
Southern Cross Plant Science, Analytical Research Laboratories, Southern Cross University, East Lismore 2480, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 July 2015 / Revised: 23 August 2015 / Accepted: 2 September 2015 / Published: 11 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1149 KB, uploaded 11 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

Both black (B) and green (G) cardamom are used as flavours during food preparation. This study investigated the responses to B and G in a diet-induced rat model of human metabolic syndrome. Male Wistar rats were fed either a corn starch-rich diet (C) or a high-carbohydrate, high-fat diet with increased simple sugars along with saturated and trans fats (H) for 16 weeks. H rats showed signs of metabolic syndrome leading to visceral obesity with hypertension, glucose intolerance, cardiovascular remodelling and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Food was supplemented with 3% dried B or G for the final eight weeks only. The major volatile components were the closely related terpenes, 1,8-cineole in B and α-terpinyl acetate in G. HB (high-carbohydrate, high-fat + black cardamom) rats showed marked reversal of diet-induced changes, with decreased visceral adiposity, total body fat mass, systolic blood pressure and plasma triglycerides, and structure and function of the heart and liver. In contrast, HG (high-carbohydrate, high-fat + green cardamom) rats increased visceral adiposity and total body fat mass, and increased heart and liver damage, without consistent improvement in the signs of metabolic syndrome. These results suggest that black cardamom is more effective in reversing the signs of metabolic syndrome than green cardamom. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardamom; obesity; hypertension; metabolic syndrome; rats cardamom; obesity; hypertension; metabolic syndrome; rats
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bhaswant, M.; Poudyal, H.; Mathai, M.L.; Ward, L.C.; Mouatt, P.; Brown, L. Green and Black Cardamom in a Diet-Induced Rat Model of Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients 2015, 7, 7691-7707.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top