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Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 7298-7311; doi:10.3390/nu7095336

Patterns of Sweet Taste Liking: A Pilot Study

1
Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan, Domino's Farms, Lobby G, Suite 1500, 24 Frank Lloyd Wright Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 66 N. Pauline Street, Suite. 633, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
3
Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, Medical Professional Building, Room D3202, P.O. Box: 5718, 1522 Simpson Road East, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-5718, USA
4
The Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Michigan, 300 North Ingalls Street, 10th Floor, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
5
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Michigan Clinical Research Unit, Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research, 1500 E. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
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Department of Epidemiology, University of Michigan, 1000 Wall Street, Room 6108/SPC 5714, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1912, USA
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Michigan Center for Diabetes Translational Research, 1000 Wall Street, Room 6108/SPC 5714, Ann Arbor, MI 48105-1912, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 April 2015 / Revised: 3 July 2015 / Accepted: 17 August 2015 / Published: 31 August 2015
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Abstract

Two distinct patterns of sweet taste liking have been described: one showing a peak liking response in the mid-range of sucrose concentrations and the other showing a monotonic liking response at progressively higher sucrose concentrations. Classification of these patterns has been somewhat arbitrary. In this report, we analyzed patterns of sweet taste liking in a pilot study with 26 adults including 14 women and 12 men, 32.6 ± 14.5 years of age with body mass index 26.4 ± 5.1 kg/m2 (mean ± SD). Sweet taste liking was measured for 10 levels of sucrose solutions (0.035 M to 1.346 M). Participants rated their liking of each solution using a visual analog scale with 0 indicating strongly disliking and 100 strongly liking. The cluster analysis demonstrated two distinct groups: 13 liked relatively low sucrose concentrations and liked high sucrose concentrations less, and 13 liked high sucrose concentrations greatly. If we use the 0.598 M sucrose solution alone and a cutoff liking score of 50, we can distinguish the two clusters with high sensitivity (100%) and specificity (100%). If validated in additional studies, this simple tool may help us to better understand eating behaviors and the impact of sweet taste liking on nutrition-related disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: taste; sweet taste; liking; sucrose taste; sweet taste; liking; sucrose
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Asao, K.; Miller, J.; Arcori, L.; Lumeng, J.C.; Han-Markey, T.; Herman, W.H. Patterns of Sweet Taste Liking: A Pilot Study. Nutrients 2015, 7, 7298-7311.

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