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Nutrients 2015, 7(8), 7042-7057; doi:10.3390/nu7085323

Feasibility of Recruiting Families into a Heart Disease Prevention Program Based on Dietary Patterns

1
Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
2
Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
3
Hunter Medical Research Institute, New Lambton, NSW 2305, Australia
4
USDA/ARS Children's Nutrition Research Centre, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
5
Priority Research Centre for Translational Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
6
Hunter New England Local Health District, New Lambton, NSW 2305, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 June 2015 / Revised: 23 July 2015 / Accepted: 12 August 2015 / Published: 21 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Pattern and Health)
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Abstract

Offspring of parents with a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) inherit a similar genetic profile and share diet and lifestyle behaviors. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of recruiting families at risk of CVD to a dietary prevention program, determine the changes in diet achieved, and program acceptability. Families were recruited into a pilot parallel group randomized controlled trial consisting of a three month evidence-based dietary intervention, based on the Mediterranean and Portfolio diets. Feasibility was assessed by recruitment and retention rates, change in diet by food frequency questionnaire, and program acceptability by qualitative interviews and program evaluation. Twenty one families were enrolled over 16 months, with fourteen families (n = 42 individuals) completing the study. Post-program dietary changes in the intervention group included small daily increases in vegetable serves (0.8 ± 1.3) and reduced usage of full-fat milk (−21%), cheese (−12%) and meat products (−17%). Qualitative interviews highlighted beneficial changes in food purchasing habits. Future studies need more effective methods of recruitment to engage families in the intervention. Once engaged, families made small incremental improvements in their diets. Evaluation indicated that feedback on diet and CVD risk factors, dietetic counselling and the resources provided were appropriate for a program of this type. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiovascular diseases; diet; health education; prevention cardiovascular diseases; diet; health education; prevention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schumacher, T.L.; Burrows, T.L.; Thompson, D.I.; Spratt, N.J.; Callister, R.; Collins, C.E. Feasibility of Recruiting Families into a Heart Disease Prevention Program Based on Dietary Patterns. Nutrients 2015, 7, 7042-7057.

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