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Nutrients 2015, 7(6), 5020-5050; doi:10.3390/nu7065020

Mechanistic Effects of Calcitriol in Cancer Biology

1
Departamento de Biología de la Reproducción, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga No. 15, Tlalpan, Mexico City 14000, Mexico
2
Departamento de Neurobiología Celular y Molecular, Instituto de Neurobiología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Campus UNAM-Juriquilla, Blvd. Juriquilla 3001, Querétaro 76230, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 May 2015 / Revised: 9 June 2015 / Accepted: 12 June 2015 / Published: 19 June 2015
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Abstract

Besides its classical biological effects on calcium and phosphorus homeostasis, calcitriol, the active vitamin D metabolite, has a broad variety of actions including anticancer effects that are mediated either transcriptionally and/or via non-genomic pathways. In the context of cancer, calcitriol regulates the cell cycle, induces apoptosis, promotes cell differentiation and acts as anti-inflammatory factor within the tumor microenvironment. In this review, we address the different mechanisms of action involved in the antineoplastic effects of calcitriol. View Full-Text
Keywords: calcitriol; cancer; inflammation; vitamin D deficiency; oncogenesis calcitriol; cancer; inflammation; vitamin D deficiency; oncogenesis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Díaz, L.; Díaz-Muñoz, M.; García-Gaytán, A.C.; Méndez, I. Mechanistic Effects of Calcitriol in Cancer Biology. Nutrients 2015, 7, 5020-5050.

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