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Nutrients 2015, 7(11), 9662-9671; doi:10.3390/nu7115489

Antidepressant Use is Associated with Increased Energy Intake and Similar Levels of Physical Activity

1
Division of Gastroenterology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
2
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, 12631 E. 17th Ave., Room 7619, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2015 / Revised: 22 October 2015 / Accepted: 22 October 2015 / Published: 20 November 2015
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Abstract

Antidepressants have been associated with weight gain, but the causes are unclear. The aims of this study were to assess the association of antidepressant use with energy intake, macronutrient diet composition, and physical activity. We used data on medication use, energy intake, diet composition, and physical activity for 3073 eligible adults from the 2005–2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Potential confounding variables, including depression symptoms, were included in the models assessing energy intake, physical activity, and sedentary behavior. Antidepressant users reported consuming an additional (mean ± S.E.) 215 ± 73 kcal/day compared to non-users (p = 0.01). There were no differences in percent calories from sugar, fat, or alcohol between the two groups. Antidepressant users had similar frequencies of walking or biking, engaging in muscle-strengthening activities, and engaging in moderate or vigorous physical activity. Antidepressant users were more likely to use a computer for ≥2 h/day (OR 1.77; 95% CI: 1.09–2.90), but TV watching was similar between the two groups. These results suggest increased energy intake and sedentary behavior may contribute to weight gain associated with antidepressant use. Focusing on limiting food intake and sedentary behaviors may be important in mitigating the weight gain associated with antidepressant use. View Full-Text
Keywords: antidepressants; macronutrients; diet composition; food intake; physical activity antidepressants; macronutrients; diet composition; food intake; physical activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Jensen-Otsu, E.; Austin, G.L. Antidepressant Use is Associated with Increased Energy Intake and Similar Levels of Physical Activity. Nutrients 2015, 7, 9662-9671.

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