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Nutrients 2015, 7(11), 9285-9298; doi:10.3390/nu7115471

Lentil and Kale: Complementary Nutrient-Rich Whole Food Sources to Combat Micronutrient and Calorie Malnutrition

1
Department of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 270 Poole Agricultural Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
2
International College Beijing, China Agricultural University, 17 Qinghua East Road, Beijing 10083, China
3
CUCES-Lexington County, 605 W. Main St. Ste. 109, Lexington, SC 29072, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 August 2015 / Revised: 23 October 2015 / Accepted: 2 November 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
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Abstract

Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) is a nutritious food and a staple for millions of people. Not only are lentils a good source of energy, they also contain a range of micronutrients and prebiotic carbohydrates. Kale (Brassica oleracea v. acephala) has been considered as a health food, but its full range of benefits and composition has not been extensively studied. Recent studies suggest that foods are enrich in prebiotic carbohydrates and dietary fiber that can potentially reduce risks of non-communicable diseases, including obesity, cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Lentil and kale added to a cereal-based diet would enhance intakes of essential minerals and vitamins to combat micronutrient malnutrition. This review provides an overview of lentil and kale as a complementary nutrient-rich whole food source to combat global malnutrition and calorie issues. In addition, prebiotic carbohydrate profiles and the genetic potential of these crops for further micronutrient enrichment are briefly discussed with respect to developing sustainable and nutritious food systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: lentils; kale; biofortification; micronutrient malnutrition; obesity; prebiotic carbohydrates lentils; kale; biofortification; micronutrient malnutrition; obesity; prebiotic carbohydrates
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Migliozzi, M.; Thavarajah, D.; Thavarajah, P.; Smith, P. Lentil and Kale: Complementary Nutrient-Rich Whole Food Sources to Combat Micronutrient and Calorie Malnutrition. Nutrients 2015, 7, 9285-9298.

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