Next Article in Journal
Association of Body Mass Index and Body Mass Index Change with Mortality in Incident Peritoneal Dialysis Patients
Previous Article in Journal
Fried Food Consumption and Cardiovascular Health: A Review of Current Evidence
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2015, 7(10), 8431-8443; doi:10.3390/nu7105403

Health Behaviours during Pregnancy in Women with Very Severe Obesity

1
Endocrinology Unit, University/BHF Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, UK
2
Scottish Trace Element and Micronutrient Reference Laboratory, Macewen Building, Royal Infirmary, Glasgow G4 0SF, UK
3
Tommy's Centre for Maternal and Fetal Health, MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, Queen's Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ), UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 August 2015 / Revised: 16 September 2015 / Accepted: 22 September 2015 / Published: 7 October 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [218 KB, uploaded 7 October 2015]

Abstract

The health behaviours of pregnant women with very severe obesity are not known, though these women are at high risk of pregnancy complications. We carried out a prospective case-control study including 148 very severely obese (BMI >40 kg/m2) and 93 lean (BMI <25 kg/m2) pregnant women. Diet, physical activity, smoking, alcohol and folic acid consumption were assessed by questionnaire in early and late (16 and 28 weeks gestation) pregnancy. Circulating levels of iron, vitamin B12 and folate and other essential trace elements and minerals were measured in a subset at each time point. The findings biochemically confirmed that very severely obese women consumed diets that were energy-rich but poor in essential micronutrients. A third of all women met physical activity recommendations for pregnancy. A third of very severely obese women and two thirds of lean women took folic acid supplements prior to pregnancy. Very severely obese women were more likely to smoke but less likely to drink alcohol than lean women (all p < 0.05). Women with very severe obesity have low self-reported intakes and circulating levels of essential micronutrients in pregnancy and few follow current recommendations for pregnancy nutrition and lifestyle. These high-risk women represent a group to target for education about health behaviours prior to and during pregnancy. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; pregnancy; diet; exercise; lifestyle; micronutrients obesity; pregnancy; diet; exercise; lifestyle; micronutrients
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mohd-Shukri, N.A.; Duncan, A.; Denison, F.C.; Forbes, S.; Walker, B.R.; Norman, J.E.; Reynolds, R.M. Health Behaviours during Pregnancy in Women with Very Severe Obesity. Nutrients 2015, 7, 8431-8443.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top