Next Article in Journal
Red Ginseng Treatment for Two Weeks Promotes Fat Metabolism during Exercise in Mice
Next Article in Special Issue
Beyond Meatless, the Health Effects of Vegan Diets: Findings from the Adventist Cohorts
Previous Article in Journal
Relationship between Erythrocyte Omega-3 Content and Obesity Is Gender Dependent
Previous Article in Special Issue
Nitrates and Glucosinolates as Strong Determinants of the Nutritional Quality in Rocket Leafy Salads
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Nutrients 2014, 6(5), 1861-1873; doi:10.3390/nu6051861

Vitamin B12-Containing Plant Food Sources for Vegetarians

Division of Applied Bioresources Chemistry, The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences, Tottori University, Tottori 680-8553, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 March 2014 / Revised: 23 April 2014 / Accepted: 28 April 2014 / Published: 5 May 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vegan diets and Human health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [764 KB, uploaded 5 May 2014]   |  


The usual dietary sources of Vitamin B12 are animal-derived foods, although a few plant-based foods contain substantial amounts of Vitamin B12. To prevent Vitamin B12 deficiency in high-risk populations such as vegetarians, it is necessary to identify plant-derived foods that contain high levels of Vitamin B12. A survey of naturally occurring plant-derived food sources with high Vitamin B12 contents suggested that dried purple laver (nori) is the most suitable Vitamin B12 source presently available for vegetarians. Furthermore, dried purple laver also contains high levels of other nutrients that are lacking in vegetarian diets, such as iron and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Dried purple laver is a natural plant product and it is suitable for most people in various vegetarian groups.
Keywords: cobalamin; dried purple laver; nori; vitamin B12 deficiency cobalamin; dried purple laver; nori; vitamin B12 deficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Watanabe, F.; Yabuta, Y.; Bito, T.; Teng, F. Vitamin B12-Containing Plant Food Sources for Vegetarians. Nutrients 2014, 6, 1861-1873.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top