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Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1309; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091309

Macronutrient Intake in Relation to Migraine and Non-Migraine Headaches

1
Nutritional Epidemiology Research Group (EREN), University of Paris 13/INSERM U1153/INRA U1125/CNAM, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, F-93017 Bobigny, France
2
Department of Public Health, Avicenne Hospital, F-93017 Bobigny, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 August 2018 / Revised: 7 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 September 2018 / Published: 15 September 2018
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Abstract

We investigated the association of mean daily macronutrient intake with migraine and non-migraine headaches. This cross-sectional study included 8042 men and 23,728 women from the ongoing population-based NutriNet-Santé e-cohort. Headache status was assessed via an online self-report questionnaire (2013–2016). Migraine was defined using established criteria and dietary macronutrient intake was estimated via ≥3 24 h dietary records. Mean daily intake (g/day) of carbohydrates (simple, complex, and total), protein, and fat (saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and total) were the main exposure variables. Adjusted gender-specific analysis of variance (ANOVA) models were fit. Presence of migraines was noted in 9.2% of men (mean age = 54.3 ± 13.3 years) and 25.7% of women (mean age = 49.6 ± 12.8 years). In adjusted models, we observed (1) somewhat lower protein (p < 0.02) and higher total fat (p < 0.01) intake among male migraineurs compared with males without headaches and those with non-migraine headaches; (2) somewhat higher total fat (p < 0.0001) and total carbohydrate intake (p < 0.05) among female migraineurs compared with females without headaches and those with non-migraine headaches. The findings, which provide preliminary support for modest gender-specific differences in macronutrient intake by migraine status, merit confirmation in different population-based settings, as well as longitudinally, and could help to inform future dietary interventions in headache prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: macronutrients; dietary intake; migraine; headache; epidemiology macronutrients; dietary intake; migraine; headache; epidemiology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Andreeva, V.A.; Szabo de Edelenyi, F.; Druesne-Pecollo, N.; Touvier, M.; Hercberg, S.; Galan, P. Macronutrient Intake in Relation to Migraine and Non-Migraine Headaches. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1309.

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