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Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1254; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091254

Changes in Plasma Acylcarnitine and Lysophosphatidylcholine Levels Following a High-Fructose Diet: A Targeted Metabolomics Study in Healthy Women

Institute of Clinical Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, Fruwirthstr 12, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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Received: 23 July 2018 / Revised: 20 August 2018 / Accepted: 30 August 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fructose and Glucose for Human Health)
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Abstract

Background: The consumption of high amounts of fructose is associated with metabolic diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. Objective: To determine the effects of high fructose intake on plasma metabolomics. Study design: We enrolled 12 healthy volunteers (six lean and six obese women, age 24–35 years) in a crossover intervention study. All participants carried out three diets: (1) low fructose (<10 g/day); (2) high fructose (100 g/day) from natural food sources (fruit); and (3) high fructose (100 g/day) from high fructose syrup (HFS). Outcome measures: The primary outcome was changes in plasma metabolites measured by targeted metabolomics. Results: High compared to low fructose diets caused a marked metabolite class separation, especially because of changes in acylcarnitine and lysophosphatidylcholine levels. Both high fructose diets resulted in a decrease in mean acylcarnitine levels in all subjects, and an increase in mean lysophosphatidylcholine and diacyl-phosphatidylcholine levels in obese individuals. Medium chain acylcarnitines were negatively correlated with serum levels of liver enzymes and with the fatty liver index. Discussion: The metabolic shifts induced by high fructose consumption suggest an inhibition of mitochondrial β-oxidation and an increase in lipid peroxidation. The effects tended to be more pronounced following the HFS than the fruit diet. View Full-Text
Keywords: fructose; targeted metabolomics; metabolic syndrome; liver disease fructose; targeted metabolomics; metabolic syndrome; liver disease
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Gonzalez-Granda, A.; Damms-Machado, A.; Basrai, M.; Bischoff, S.C. Changes in Plasma Acylcarnitine and Lysophosphatidylcholine Levels Following a High-Fructose Diet: A Targeted Metabolomics Study in Healthy Women. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1254.

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