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Nutrients 2018, 10(9), 1207; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091207

Health and Nutrition Studies Related to Cereal Biodiversity: A Participatory Multi-Actor Literature Review Approach

1
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, School of Human Health Sciences, University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy
2
Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, 20121 Milan, Italy
3
Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, University of Padua, 35020 Padua, Italy
4
Department of Economics and Management, University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy
5
Department of Agrifood Production and Environmental Sciences, University of Florence, 50121 Florence, Italy
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Agri-Food Economics and Social Science, School of Agriculture Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading RG66AH, UK
7
Crop Production, School of Agriculture Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading RG66AH, UK
8
Rete Semi Rurali, 50018 Florence, Italy
9
Réseau Semences Paysannes, 47190 Aiguillon, France
10
Red Andaluza De Semillas Cultivando Biodiversidad, 41015 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2018 / Revised: 22 August 2018 / Accepted: 26 August 2018 / Published: 1 September 2018
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Abstract

Recently, a large and growing body of literature has investigated the health potential of different wheat species. In particular, a considerable number of studies dealing with nutritional aspects has grown up around the theme of the recovery of ancient wheat varieties (species that have remained unchanged over the last hundred years). According to several studies, indeed, ancient varieties present a healthier nutritional profile than modern ones. In the framework of the European project “CERERE, CEreal REnaissance in Rural Europe: embedding diversity in organic and low-input food systems”, this paper aimed to review recent research on the issue of health and nutritional cereal systems by adopting an innovative and participatory multi-actor approach which involved practitioners along with researchers. The participatory approach is the main innovation and peculiarity of this literature review. Nevertheless, the review highlights the many positive effects derived from eating whole and ancient grains such as a significant reduction in the risk of chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and also a more favorable long-term weight management and increase in satiety. This review may be considered as a fruitful starting point that integrates research results to foster current and future healthier and sustainable practices in cereal systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: cereal biodiversity; ancient grains; whole grains; metabolic syndrome; gluten-related disorders; inflammatory parameters; participatory multi-actor approach cereal biodiversity; ancient grains; whole grains; metabolic syndrome; gluten-related disorders; inflammatory parameters; participatory multi-actor approach
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Sofi, F.; Dinu, M.; Pagliai, G.; Cei, L.; Sacchi, G.; Benedettelli, S.; Stefani, G.; Gagliardi, E.; Tosi, P.; Bocci, R.; Bussi, B.; de Santis, G.; Rodriguez y Hurtado, I.; de Kochko, P.; Riviere, P.; Carrascosa-García, M.; Martínez, I. Health and Nutrition Studies Related to Cereal Biodiversity: A Participatory Multi-Actor Literature Review Approach. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1207.

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