Next Article in Journal
Volatile Terpenes and Brain Function: Investigation of the Cognitive and Mood Effects of Mentha × Piperita L. Essential Oil with In Vitro Properties Relevant to Central Nervous System Function
Next Article in Special Issue
Lactase Persistence, Milk Intake, and Adult Acne: A Mendelian Randomization Study of 20,416 Danish Adults
Previous Article in Journal
Fat-to-Muscle Ratio: A New Anthropometric Indicator as a Screening Tool for Metabolic Syndrome in Young Colombian People
Previous Article in Special Issue
Nutritional Interventions as Beneficial Strategies to Delay Cognitive Decline in Healthy Older Individuals
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Nutrients 2018, 10(8), 1028; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10081028

Food Consumption, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Salt in Urban Areas in Five Sub-Saharan African Countries

1
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (IUMSP), Canton University Hospital (CHUV), 1010 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Science, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou 01 BP 526, Benin
3
Laboratory of Noncommunicable and Neurologic Diseases Epidemiology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Abomey-Calavi, Cotonou 01 BP 526, Benin
4
Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Donka University Hospital, Conakry, Guinea
5
Department of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputo, Mozambique
6
Ministry of Health, Victoria, Republic of Seychelles
7
African Institute for Health and Development (AIHD), Nairobi 00100, Kenya
8
Institute of Primary Health Care (BIHAM), University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 June 2018 / Revised: 30 July 2018 / Accepted: 3 August 2018 / Published: 7 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Chronic Conditions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [905 KB, uploaded 7 August 2018]

Abstract

High salt intake is a major risk factor of hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Improving knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to salt intake in the general population is a key component of salt reduction strategies. The objective of this study was to describe and compare the KAP of adults related to salt in urban areas of five countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The survey included 588 participants aged 25 to 65 years who were selected using convenience samples in the urban areas of Benin, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, and Seychelles. Socio-demographic and food consumption were assessed using a structured closed-ended questionnaire administered by survey officers. Height, weight, and blood pressure were measured. Food consumption varied largely between countries. Processed foods high in salt, such as processed meat, cheese, pizzas, and savory snacks were consumed rather infrequently in all the countries, but salt-rich foods, such as soups or bread and salty condiments, were consumed frequently in all countries. The majority of the participants knew that high salt intake can cause health problems (85%) and thought that it is important to limit salt intake (91%). However, slightly over half (56%) of the respondents regularly tried to limit their salt intake while only 8% of the respondents thought that they consumed too much salt. Salt and salty condiments were added most of the time during cooking (92% and 64%, respectively) but rarely at the table (11%). These findings support the need for education campaigns to reduce salt added during cooking and for strategies to reduce salt content in selected manufactured foods in the region. View Full-Text
Keywords: salt; sodium; hypertension; knowledge; attitudes; practices; diet; Africa; Benin; Guinea; Mozambique; Kenya; Seychelles salt; sodium; hypertension; knowledge; attitudes; practices; diet; Africa; Benin; Guinea; Mozambique; Kenya; Seychelles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Leyvraz, M.; Mizéhoun-Adissoda, C.; Houinato, D.; Moussa Baldé, N.; Damasceno, A.; Viswanathan, B.; Amyunzu-Nyamongo, M.; Owuor, J.; Chiolero, A.; Bovet, P. Food Consumption, Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Related to Salt in Urban Areas in Five Sub-Saharan African Countries. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1028.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top