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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(5), 484; doi:10.3390/rs9050484

A Machine Learning Based Reconstruction Method for Satellite Remote Sensing of Soil Moisture Images with In Situ Observations

1
State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
2
Collaborative Innovation Center of Geospatial Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
3
School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: George P. Petropoulos and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 9 April 2017 / Revised: 4 May 2017 / Accepted: 9 May 2017 / Published: 16 May 2017
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Abstract

Surface soil moisture is an important environment variable that is dominant in a variety of research and application areas. Acquiring spatiotemporal continuous soil moisture observations is therefore of great importance. Weather conditions can contaminate optical remote sensing observations on soil moisture, and the absence of remote sensors causes gaps in regional soil moisture observation time series. Therefore, reconstruction is highly motivated to overcome such contamination and to fill in such gaps. In this paper, we propose a novel image reconstruction algorithm that improved upon the Satellite and In situ sensor Collaborated Reconstruction (SICR) algorithm provided by our previous publication. Taking artificial neural networks as a model, complex and highly variable relationships between in situ observations and remote sensing soil moisture is better projected. With historical data for the network training, feedforward neural networks (FNNs) project in situ soil moisture to remote sensing soil moisture at better performances than conventional models. Consequently, regional soil moisture observations can be reconstructed under full cloud contamination or under a total absence of remote sensors. Experiments confirmed better reconstruction accuracy and precision with this improvement than with SICR. The new algorithm enhances the temporal resolution of high spatial resolution remote sensing regional soil moisture observations with good quality and can benefit multiple soil moisture-based applications and research. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil moisture; image reconstruction; machine learning; artificial neural networks. soil moisture; image reconstruction; machine learning; artificial neural networks.
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Xing, C.; Chen, N.; Zhang, X.; Gong, J. A Machine Learning Based Reconstruction Method for Satellite Remote Sensing of Soil Moisture Images with In Situ Observations. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 484.

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