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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(5), 438; doi:10.3390/rs9050438

Unsupervised Change Detection for Multispectral Remote Sensing Images Using Random Walks

1,†
,
2,†
and
1,*
1
The State Key Laboratory of Virtual Reality Technology and Systems, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
2
Shijiazhuang Flying College of the PLA Air Force, Shijiazhuang 050073, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Xiaofeng Li and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 14 February 2017 / Revised: 18 April 2017 / Accepted: 21 April 2017 / Published: 4 May 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2003 KB, uploaded 4 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, the change detection of Multi-Spectral (MS) remote sensing images is treated as an image segmentation issue. An unsupervised method integrating histogram-based thresholding and image segmentation techniques is proposed. In order to overcome the poor performance of thresholding techniques for strongly overlapped change/non-change signals, a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) with three components, including non-change, non-labeling and change, is adopted to model the statistical characteristics of the different images between two multi-temporal MS images. The non-labeling represents the pixels that are difficult to be classified. A random walk based segmentation method is applied to solve this problem, in which the different images are modeled as graphs and the classification results of GMM are imported as the labeling seeds. The experimental results of three remote sensing image pairs acquired by different sensors suggest a superiority of the proposed approach comparing with the existing unsupervised change detection methods. View Full-Text
Keywords: unsupervised change detection; Gaussian mixture model; PCA; random walk unsupervised change detection; Gaussian mixture model; PCA; random walk
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, Q.; Liu, L.; Wang, Y. Unsupervised Change Detection for Multispectral Remote Sensing Images Using Random Walks. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 438.

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