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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(4), 353; doi:10.3390/rs9040353

Recent Landslide Movement in Tsaoling, Taiwan Tracked by TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X DEM Time Series

1,2,3,†
,
2,†
,
4,* , 1,3,†
,
1,3,†
,
5,†
and
6,†
1
School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Geohazards Prevention and Environment Protection, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China
3
Key Laboratory of Metallogenic Prediction of Nonferrous Metals and Geological Environment Monitoring, Ministry of Education, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
4
Department of Land Surveying and Geo-Informatics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong
5
Department of Geology, Chinese Culture University, Taipei 11114, Taiwan
6
Department of Geosciences, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zhong Lu, Chaoying Zhao, Randolph H. Wynne and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 14 February 2017 / Revised: 24 March 2017 / Accepted: 5 April 2017 / Published: 7 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing of Landslides)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [35965 KB, uploaded 25 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

The Tsaoling Landslide in Taiwan has captured attentions of researchers worldwide due to its frequent catastrophic failure and distinctive features. Thanks to the launch of TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X (TSX/TDX) constellation, retrieval of global DEM with high spatial resolution and accuracy becomes possible, which is extremely useful for the study of natural hazards (e.g., landslides) globally. We attempt here for the first time to track recent landslide movements in Tsaoling Taiwan by analyzing DEM time series reconstructed from TSX/TDX image pairs. Quality improvement of InSAR derived DEM through an iterated differential operation is addressed during the data processing. Five cliffs and the Chingshui River are selected to determine the spatial pattern of morphologic changes of the landslide. The results show that: (a) A large amount of collapses occurred on dip slopes in the period from 2011 to 2014 and on surrounding debris deposits during the rainy seasons; (b) The average recession rate of the Chunqui Cliff decreased from 24.4 m/yr to 19.6 m/yr compared with the result between 1999 and 2009; (c) The Tsaoling Landslide has lost 6.90 ×106 m³ of soil from November of 2011 to April of 2014, which shows a positive correlation of 0.853 with rainfall; (d) The Chingshui River is undergoing a gradual bed erosion with a volumes of 1.84 ×106 m³. View Full-Text
Keywords: Tsaoling landslide; TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X; DEM; time series analysis; volumetric change Tsaoling landslide; TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X; DEM; time series analysis; volumetric change
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Du, Y.; Xu, Q.; Zhang, L.; Feng, G.; Li, Z.; Chen, R.-F.; Lin, C.-W. Recent Landslide Movement in Tsaoling, Taiwan Tracked by TerraSAR-X/TanDEM-X DEM Time Series. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 353.

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