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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(3), 260;

MHHT-Based Method for Analysis of Micro-Doppler Signatures for Human Finer-Grained Activity Using Through-Wall SFCW Radar

Department of Medical Electronics, School of Biomedical Engineering, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710032, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francesco Soldovieri, Raffaele Persico, Xiaofeng Li and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 8 March 2017 / Accepted: 10 March 2017 / Published: 12 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Radar Systems for the Societal Challenges)
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Ultra-wideband radar-based penetrating detection and recognition of human activities has become a focus on remote sensing in various military applications in recent years, such as urban warfare, hostage rescue, and earthquake post-disaster rescue. However, an excellent micro-Doppler signature (MDS) extracting method of human motion with high time-frequency resolution, outstanding anti-interference ability, and extensive adaptability, which aims to provide favorable and more detailed features for human activity recognition and classification, especially in the non-free space detection environment, is in great urgency. To cope with the issue, a multiple Hilbert-Huang transform (MHHT) method is proposed for high-resolution time-frequency analysis of finer-grained human activity MDS hidden in ultra-wideband (UWB) radar echoes during the through-wall detection environment. Based on the improved HHT with effective intrinsic mode function (IMF) selection according to the cosine similarity (CS) principle, the improved HHT is applied to each channel signal in the effective channel scope of the UWB radar signal and then integrated along the range direction. The activities of swinging one or two arms while standing at a spot 3 m from a wall were used to validate the abilities of the proposed method for extracting and separating the MDS of different moving body structures with a high time-frequency resolution. Simultaneously, the corresponding relationship between the frequency components in MHHT-based spectra and structures of the moving human body was demonstrated according to the radar Doppler principle combined with the principle of human body kinematics. Moreover, six common finer-grained human activities and a piaffe at different ranges under the through-wall detection environment were exploited to confirm the adaptability of the novel method for different activities and pre-eminent anti-interference ability under a low signal-noise-clutter ratio (SNCR) environment, which is critical for remote sensing in various military application, such as urban warfare, hostage rescue, earthquake post-disaster rescue. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hilbert-Huang transform; finer-grained human activities; micro-Doppler signatures; through-wall detection Hilbert-Huang transform; finer-grained human activities; micro-Doppler signatures; through-wall detection

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Qi, F.; Lv, H.; Liang, F.; Li, Z.; Yu, X.; Wang, J. MHHT-Based Method for Analysis of Micro-Doppler Signatures for Human Finer-Grained Activity Using Through-Wall SFCW Radar. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 260.

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