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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(3), 191; doi:10.3390/rs9030191

Towards a Universal Hyperspectral Index to Assess Chlorophyll Content in Deciduous Forests

Faculty of Agriculture, Shizuoka University, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan
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Academic Editors: Jose Moreno and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 5 January 2017 / Accepted: 20 February 2017 / Published: 23 February 2017
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Abstract

The reflectance properties of leaves are influenced by diverse biochemical components including chlorophyll, one of the key indicators related to plant photosynthesis and plant stress. Although a number of hyperspectral indices have been proposed for quantifying leaf chlorophyll concentrations, their applications are largely restricted to where they were developed and can hardly provide satisfactory results in other cases. In this study, universally applicable hyperspectral indices calculated from both original and first-order derivative spectra were identified for quantifying leaf chlorophyll concentrations in deciduous forests. Using the main criteria of the ratio of performance to deviation (RPD) and the widely applicable information criterion (WAIC), new hyperspectral indices were proposed for quantifying chlorophyll concentrations in four independent datasets. The results revealed that the normalized derivative difference between the green peak (520-540 nm) and the end of the red edge (720-740 nm) were effective. The normalized difference type of index using reflectance derivatives at 522 and 728 nm, dND (522, 728), was the most effective index for quantifying chlorophyll concentrations, with an R2 of 0.807 and a lowest root mean square error of 8.67 μg/cm2, n = 816. This index was also validated based on a simulated dataset generated from the model of PROpriétés SPECTrales Version 5 (PROSPECT 5). Its applicability for assessing chlorophyll content in various deciduous forests was hence demonstrated. We foresee its wide application in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: chlorophyll concentration; deciduous species; hyperspectral remote sensing; PROpriétés SPECTrales Version 5 (PROSPECT 5); ratio of performance to deviation (RPD chlorophyll concentration; deciduous species; hyperspectral remote sensing; PROpriétés SPECTrales Version 5 (PROSPECT 5); ratio of performance to deviation (RPD
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sonobe, R.; Wang, Q. Towards a Universal Hyperspectral Index to Assess Chlorophyll Content in Deciduous Forests. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 191.

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